After reading about gender-bias and conversation dominance in the classroom, I asked for a peer to observe a physics class I was teaching and keep track of the discussion time I was giving to various students along with their race and gender. In this exercise, I knew I was being observed and I was trying to be extra careful to equally represent all students―but I STILL gave a disproportionate amount of discussion time to the white male students in my classroom (controlling for the overall distribution of genders and races in the class). I was shocked. It felt like I was giving a disproportionate amount of time to my white female and non-white students.
Even when I was explicitly trying, I still failed to have the discussion participants fairly represent the population of the students in my classroom.
This is a well-studied phenomena and it’s called listener bias. We are socialized to think women talk more than they actually do. Listener bias results in most people thinking that women are ‘hogging the floor’ even when men are dominating.
Stop interrupting me: gender, conversation dominance and listener bias, by Jessica Kirkpatrick from Women In Astronomy
Implicit bias is a thing, just like privilege. Calling it out isn’t meant to shame anyone, but to alert us to step it up and improve ourselves so everyone can have a voice. Be conscious of what you and others are saying, and know when not to speak.
If you want your readers to know that your character has premonitions, you just have to show those premonitions. Describe the transition into the premonition, describe the premonition, and maybe reflect on it through narration. You can also put the premonitions in italics.
- Decide when these premonitions occur. Are they intentional or unintentional? Can your character control how long they last? Can your character easily have a premonition, or does it take a lot of time and energy? Can they only do it at certain times of the day? If these premonitions are unintentional, when do they typically occur? Can your character “feel” them coming on?
- Decide what happens to your character during premonitions. Do they faint? Do they become catatonic? Do other people notice something is happening? What do they feel emotionally and physically? Do they remember all of what they saw, or just parts?
- Decide what your character can see. Can they only see events that they are involved in? Can they only see small bits or the whole thing? Can they make out people involved or is it “blurry”? When they have premonitions, what does the POV look like? That is, do they see the events as they see the world (through their own eyes) or is there a “free camera roam” in which the premonition plays out like a movie? Can they only see events that occur within a certain time period (e.g., within 24 hours). You should also decide what your character can’t see.
- Decide how your character feels about this ability. Does it frighten them? Do they embrace it? Do they want to know more about it? Does it cause them great anxiety and fear? Have they told anyone or are they afraid to?
Anonymous asked: Any resources on motifs and symbols.Symbolism
Strengthening a Thematic Motif Through Repetition
How to Use Motif to Enhance Your Writing
Add Depth to your Story with Motifs!
Famous Novelists on Symbolism in Their Work and Whether It Was Intentional
5 Important Ways to Use Symbolism in Your Story
Write a Tight Story: Streamline Your Symbolism
For readings on the correlation in horror between puberty and the monstrous, see:
Okay, but I never pissed on the rug.
It’s actually really easy to be good at arguments and debates, especially if you’re in an rp setting and can make shit up. :D Here are some personal tips from me on how to construct an argument. Remember the PEA! Point, evidence, analysis. Before constructing any argument, try to know what your point is. Try to write a topic sentence, as concise as possible, like “The Avengers will kick the X-Men ass in a battle located in New York City”. Evidence! Try to have at least three pieces of evidence possible in order to back up your point, and always analyze this evidence afterwards. “Because The Avengers have Captain America” Evidence! “Who really has a nice ass and no one can beat his ass cause he has the best one, duh!” Analysis! “Because Wolverine will totally help the Avengers. As seen in graphic novel blah blah blah, Wolverine’s loyalty lies with the Avengers and not with the X-Men.” That’s basically how I would do it in any sort of essay writing slash pseudo debate scenario.
Here are some links to help you with constructing arguments:
- Constructing a Logical Argument
- 5 Ways to Win a Debate
- The Best Way to Win an argument
- Quick tips to winning debates
- Debate tips and tricks
- Top 10 tips on winning an argument
- How to win Arguments
- How to win every argument
- How to win an argument
Depending on how you want to play your character, there are a lot of ways to be persuasive. Your character can be more intellectual, coming up with good points to persuade someone to do good. Or, your character can be cunning and achieve it through subtle psychological hints and body language. For example, if you’re drinking with someone, every time that person laugh, by taking a drink you can make them associate the happy and free feeling of being drunk with you. So they naturally listen to you more. Obviously, that’s really sneaky, so it’s up to your character traits on whether that would be included. All persuasive characters have one thing in common and that’s confidence. So as the writer, you have to be confident in what your character’s motivations are. Be sure that you know why your character is persuading someone to do as such. Is it because they always want to be right? Or, is it because they are more manipulative?
Here are some links to help:
- Manipulation character tips
- The 21 principles of persuasion
- How to be persuasive
- Principles of persuasion
- How to speak with persuasively
- How to be persuasive and not get persuaded
And for playing someone more clever than you are, google helps. Really. I’m currently playing an electrical engineer and I have no idea how to even begin. But it’s always about the research. When a specific topic comes up like, building a tiny robot camera, I google how to build a robot camera. It’s legitimately all I do for every character. When I roleplay Hawkeye, I think I had thirty tabs open at one point telling me how to shoot an arrow and how to calculate wind direction affecting said arrow. So you know, bullshit a little bit, and google a little bit. Throw really long words at your roleplayer and it’s all good.
Here are some links:
- Kgillsrpc’ writing a witty character
- writing-questions-answered’s how to write a smart character
- Forum: how to create a smart character when you yourself aren’t smart
- How to write characters that are smarter than you are
Hope that helps!
These are some good guides I found through some pages I had bookmarked!
- Quick and Dirty: Grammar
- Placement of Speech Tags
- Grammar Slammer!
- Introduction to the Basic Rules of Punctuation
- 11 Grammar Tips
- List of 1000+ Adjectives
- 40+ Tips to Improve your Grammar and Punctuation
- Better Writing: Grammar & Spelling
- Vocabulary Builder
- A Description Resource
- List of Actions
- 8 Words You Should Avoid While Writing
- 300+ Sophiscated and Underused Words
- Free Rice